Stock Valuation: Nokia OYJ (NOKIA)

Name of Company Country of Origin/ Exchange Traded Sector Stock Price
NOKIA OYJ Finland/
NYSE
Technology – Communication Equipment – Communication Equipment USD5.90
@ 06 Jun 2018
COMPANY PROFILE Nokia Oyj is a telecommunication company. It develops network equipment to transmit data over wireless, copper, optical fiber, and microwave mediums. Its products are used by the world’s largest telecommunication service providers.

Nokia Oyj is one of the largest providers of telecommunication equipment. The company develops network equipment to transmit data over wireless, copper, optical fiber, and microwave mediums, and its products are used by the world’s largest telecommunication service providers. Nokia is headquartered in Espoo, Finland, and it employs more than 100,000 employees globally.

GDR/ADR Code NOKIA
Stock Valuation Below

Nokia Price to Sales

The Price to Sales Ratio is a commonly used valuation indicator for a stock. While not as popular as the Price to Earnings Ratio, it overcomes some of the limitations of the PE Ratio in that it can be used even when the company is not making a profit or only making minimal profits. However, it should not be used by itself because a company may be achieving sales but not profits.
At the price of USD5.90 as at 06 Jun 2018, Nokia Oyj is trading at a Price to Sales Ratio of 1.2 times last 12 months sales.  This is a 24.0%  discount to its historical average Price to Sales Ratio of 1.6 times.
Is the stock undervalued? One should not just look at one indicator to determine the fair value of a stock.
ProThinker believes in using a combination of valuation methods to decide whether a stock is over or undervalued? The five ratios we use are Price to Earnings, Price to Sales, Price to Cash Flow, Price to Book and Dividend Yield. We use multiple methods to value a stock because each has its benefits as well as shortcomings. Price to Earnings and Price to Cash Flow Ratios relate stock price to profitability but are meaningless when the comany has negative earnings or cash flows. Price to Sales Ratio is more stable because sales are never negative. However, this does not tell us whether the company is able to sell profitably. Price to Book Ratio gives us an indication as to how much we are paying for the company’s assets but it is not directly related to the company’s profitability. Dividend Yield cannot be used for companies that are paying little to no dividends.
While it is important to value stocks based on multiple valuation methods, this often leads to differing views on valuation. One indicator may suggest that a stock is overvalued while another suggest that it is undervalued. This does not help an investor who needs to make a definite decision whether to buy, hold or sell the stock. That is why we advocate the use of a Composite Valuation Indicator, which is derived from the best combination of the five indicators above. A Composite Valuation Indicator will give you ONE conclusion on whether a stock is under or over valued.
To find out more about our valuation methodology, click here. 
It is important to analyze the financial condition of the company you want to invest in because if a company goes bankrupt, the chances are high that you will lose all your investment. Even if the company does not go bankrupt, the deterioration in financial condition will cause more and more investors to avoid the company and valuation will drop. Weak financial condition also limits the opportunities that a company has to grow its business.
In order to determine the financial condition of the company, we usually use the Z score, which was introduced by Edward Altman,  a Professor of Finance at New York University. This score is a composite measure of a firm’s financial condition and has been proven to be able to predict with high accuracy whether a firm will go into bankruptcy within the next two years.

Nokia Altman Z-Score

Z-score has been deteriorating since 1999. The main reasons for this are:
* lower working capital
* lower retained earnings as a proportion of total assets
* lower EBIT as a proportion of total assets
* higher level of borrowings
* lower revenue as a proportion of total assets

The latest Z-Score of the company as at Dec 2017 was 1.3, which is near the distressed zone.

Source of Data: Price to Sales chart is from ProThinker Stock Report. Company description, historical financial statements data and price data are from gurufocus.com. Estimates are from gurufocus and/or 4-traders.com – Thomson Reuters.
Disclaimer: This report is for information purposes only and should not be considered a solicitation to buy or sell any security. Neither ProThinker nor any other party guarantees its accuracy or makes warranties regarding results from its usage. Redistribution is prohibited without the express written consent of ProThinker. Copyright(c) 2018. All rights reserved.

 

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